Electrical professionals in pools and spas recommend that you take extra measures to prevent pool shock incidents. Instead, insistence should be on adherence to the existing statutes. The source of the problem is not only from the lights but from incorrectly wired machinery It is also from wrongly connected junction, and the lack of joining complementary metallic compounds in the pool.
On April 18, 2014, 7 yr old Calder Sloan, a skillful swimmer & a child full of life, died of electrocution from a stray current while swimming in his backyard pool in Miami. This incident attracted international attention as well as social media outrage. It is a landmark case on the issue of pool shock.
His demise left his parents determined to sensitize on electrically secure pools & spas to avoid similar incidences. From this campaign, Miami/ Dade County and Broward outlawed fitting of lights that weren’t characterized as low voltage under the National Electric Code. Many misinterpreted him and believed that he blames high voltage lighting on his son’s death. The issue has led to major debates within the state, about high voltage lighting. To clear things out, Sloan’s pool actually had low voltage lighting. The lawsuit filed faults the grounding, lighting, and bonding techniques with the failure of fail-safes & protection after an electric short in the home.
Since the introduction of pumps and lights, pool shock has been among the major cause of fatalities in the pools & spa industry. It is a belief to many that most of these cases go unreported; hence there is less focus on the issue.
Experts argue against the ban of high voltage lights. They claim the problem goes beyond high voltage lighting. They also advise that safety measures should cover the entire home as the current can move to pools from surrounding environs.
The question on voltage
Lights and pumps can be perpetrators of electrocution, given that it’s fixed in the pool and spas water. NEC has laid out safety measures to avoid diffusing currents of 120 volts power from the generator, to the low voltage lights in the water. High voltage can be fatal, while low voltage can cause damage but doesn’t cause death. For high voltage to cause fatality, it depends on the distance from the source & the body mass.
A high voltage light can also be safe if fitted well and tested on a regular. Low voltage does not guarantee safety if measures such as proper installation with the primary generator, grounding, bonding, and wiring if they sit in a metal niche. Failure of such measures allows the emission of excess current to the low voltage lights. It can also be a path for stray current from the main source looking to complete the circuit.
The debate of the favorable incandescent will soon be null with the introduction of LED lights, which are more efficient. In addition, they have extra features, such as programmed color changes. New, improved products in the market have protectors from stray current, such as plastic niches. Furthermore, the modern low voltage versions don’t need grounding hence eliminates route for current travel in water.
Beyond the lights
Current transmission could be possible in many other areas, aside from lighting. Most reported cases come from other faulty areas, not lighting. Bonding and grounding are major causes of electric faults. Moreover, they offer protection against electrocution. Many experts are unaware of the difference between the two. It is often mistaken to be similar, and some pool professionals install one and forego the other.
Involves electrically attaching equipment to the ground to prevent any potential faults. In the case of a short, the circuit breakers trip and shuts down the equipment.
In grounding, fit a wire of appropriate size from the pool component, using the same cable with the wire carrying current to the ground bus bar in the circuit breaker.
Bonding is to link with materials such as motor, ladder, pump, and water to devise a bonding layer to reduce voltage. If one element gets electrified, the difference in potential creates an imbalance. Therefore, the voltage seeks a route to the less charged component. The bonding layer minimizes the difference in voltage.
To bond, use number 8 wire from one component to another, and a manufacturer made bonding lug. Connect the pool steel on 4 areas and to the borderline bonding ring or strengthens the steel in the deck and to affix metallic materials 5 feet below the pool.
Appropriate elements used should adjust to various settings and equipment make. It is necessary to involve professionals at all times, even when working on Improvements and reinstatements for personal safety.
Mistakes in the field
Errors can be by inexperienced professionals, pool users, and handymen. Experts in the field need to be knowledgeable about the equipment used.
- Lights installation should be within the regulations by NEC as well as the materials used.
- NEC forbids improper interweaving of cords. The cord ought to be continuous, and in case of any replacement, a new cord ought to replace the first one.
- The choice of elements used like transformers should not be corrosive as they are liable to fail.
- Low voltage requires the correct generator approved the UL standards.
Important steps to note
Small misses can result in to escape of current.
- During pump repairs, professionals should join the existing grounding/bonding wires to the original equipment.
- Connection of all bonding lugs to the existing wires is key.
- Attach the liquid-light cables & connectors to protect wires from rubbing against edges.
High & low voltage should not cross paths or pass in the same cable. Each transformer should be on its own side of the voltage to avoid pool shock.
Pool Repairs With a Purpose
There are plenty of pool companies in Las Vegas. In a landlocked desert town where over 23.8% of households have a pool in the backyard, you’d better believe swimming is big business. Consequently, with the number of swimming pools, there is steady and consistent repair work for knowledgeable professionals with the right know-how. One of those firms which stands out not just for their expertise, but because of their particular mission; is Purpose Pools.
The Henderson-based company has been making a name for itself throughout the Las Vegas region by providing reliable pool equipment repairs and warranty work. Recently we caught up with the owner, Scott Reynolds, on the Pool Magazine podcast which gave us some insight as to what his firm is doing differently in their local community.
Performing Pool Equipment Repairs in an Underserved Market
“Las Vegas is just booming right now and has been for decades. I’ve lived here for the majority of my life. When I got here many years ago we were at a population of about 200,000, now we’re closer to three million. We’ve got upwards of 5,000 people moving here every single month. The need for pool professionals is growing. We’re projected to reach 4 million residents by 2055,” explained Reynolds.
Reynolds, who has eyes on the field when it comes to new pool construction in Sin City, says that while things may be slowing down in other parts of the country, pool companies in Las Vegas are still inundated.
Demand Seems Unphased By Recession in Las Vegas
News of a recession and inflation has been circulating throughout the media but so far Reynolds says, “We just aren’t feeling it yet in Vegas yet. That’s probably due to the offset of new homeowners coming into the Valley. Each and every month, we’re helping more and more homeowners and haven’t really seen signs of that slowing down yet.”
“Post Covid, the pool has become valuable as a safe place to recreate with friends and family. I know we’re feeling it at the gas pump and other places, but as far as homeowners continuing to invest in their pools, we’re still seeing that as well as them leveraging their home warranty and manufacturers warranty to help offset those expenses,” explained Reynolds.
“We provide equipment manufacturer warranty work for some of the top builders in the nation here in Las Vegas, and based off of my conversations with them we see no signs of slowdowns. Some of these builders are more than a year out,” said Reynolds.
Las Vegas Homeowners Continue To Reinvest In Pool Equipment Repairs & Upgrades
Reynolds, whose firm is one of the leading pool equipment installation and repair firms in town, says that this year’s interest has been white hot as far as homeowners reinvesting in their existing pools.
Popular Pool Equipment Upgrades
“What’s been really hot this year is we see a lot of consumers looking to upgrade to a variable speed pump,” said Reynolds, “these new pumps can help consumers save up to 90% on their utility bills and operate much quieter than a conventional single-speed pump.”
Requests for pool automation have also dramatically increased says Reynolds, “I’d say it accounts for around a third of our business,” he explained, “they want to add ease, control and comfort to their swimming pool.”
Another popular upgrade homeowners are looking to make in light of the recent spike in chlorine prices is upgrading their pool to a saltwater system. “Chlorine is getting so expensive that there are companies willing to finance a bucket of chlorine,” explained Reynolds, “It costs around $3,000 to upgrade to a salt system, but again we’re seeing homeowners willing to invest that money into their pool to realize the cost savings on chemicals.”
The fact that demand remains high in Las Vegas is good news for the industry. It’s also been instrumental in helping Reynolds grow his pool equipment repair service company. His firm, Purpose Pools was established with the mindset of helping his local community. Consequently, the firm has been doing just that since its inception.
Partnering With Professionals
Reynolds’ firm has partnered with many of the leading pool construction companies in Las Vegas to provide warranty work for pool equipment repairs. Consequently, he’s also working with many of the leading pool service companies that don’t handle equipment repairs. “There are a lot of pool service companies in Las Vegas that do a great job at cleaning and maintenance but just aren’t very knowledgeable when it comes to repairs. We partner with them on installations and repairs and train them up a bit so that they can better service their own clients,” said Reynolds.
Pool Equipment Repair Company Finds Ways To Give Back to the Community
The mission of the firm is also stated right in its company name ‘Purpose Pools’ and one that Reynolds and the company take seriously. “The very foundation of our company is to support our community. It’s in our name and in our actions. What we do regularly is, donate to charities. Our customers nominate local charities and donate their old pool equipment to be recycled. Essentially, all of that money that is recouped from recycling is donated directly back into the Las Vegas community,” said Reynolds.
Some of the organizations that Purpose Pools have been able to help recently include the March of Dimes, St. Judes Children Research Hospital, Las Vegas Rescue Mission and the list goes on and on. “It’s cool that we’re able to do this and amazing that our customers are willing to contribute by allowing us to take their old components, recycle them and at the same time are helping us give back to this incredible community,” said Reynolds.
Listen to our entire conversation with Scott Reynolds of Purpose Pools on the Pool Magazine podcast.
Premier Pools & Spas Elevates New Talent in the Pool Industry
Partnering with the Pool & Hot Tub Alliance, Sacramento-based company is able to educate and certify young professionals
When Lance Irby came to work at Premier Pools & Spas for owner Keith Harbeck back in 2012, he didn’t even know what a skimmer was.
“But I found out pretty quickly!” he jokes, now 10 years into his career as a pool professional and sales manager at Premier Pools & Spas in Sacramento, California. Irby’s previous industry “experience” consisted of one public swimming pool lesson and some construction work. He rose to become the man his mentor Harbeck calls “the best pool salesman I’ve ever met.” That’s high praise considering Harbeck founded Premier Pools & Spas in 1988, a company that is now the world’s largest pool builder with franchises in over 60 locations.
Like many construction businesses, pool builders have struggled to attract and keep young talent like Irby. It’s something that Harbeck noticed and felt compelled to change.
“Although we have some salespeople here that had worked previously for other builders, it’s not really what we do anymore. And that’s true in other places, too, even in scheduling and supervision,” says Harbeck, who himself started cleaning pools as a kid. “I think it’s far more important to hire for character as opposed to skill. We can train and teach in this industry.”
Certification programs raise the bar
The Pool & Hot Tub Alliance (PHTA) supports that goal of bringing new life into the industry. PHTA sets professional standards and provides education and certification. Irby took “every single class” PHTA offered last year and became a Certified Master Pool Builder & Design Professional. It’s the highest level of certification under the PHTA Certified Pool Builder & Design Professional Pathway powered by GENESIS® and offered in-person and virtually.
Premier Pools & Spas just signed up 43 more people to begin their certification tracks this year, an investment Harbeck champions and that Irby says “really fast-tracked” his abilities.
Harbeck and Irby both say the message is clear: “This is a career. It doesn’t have to be just a job.”
“I had other jobs before I worked at Premier Pools & Spas. I would clock in at nine and clock out at five. And I knew when my breaks and my lunchtimes were, and it was mundane and repetitive,” Irby recalls. “Our industry is quite dynamic. I don’t know that we always represent ourselves as an industry, as a very professional environment or destination for skilled employees.”
Weathering change all comes down to customers and employees
“Dynamic” is an understated way to describe a long career in this business. The constant change is one of the reasons Harbeck has stuck with the business for these 30+ years. Technology has impacted everything. The move from phone book listings to online and text message advertising and communication. The digitization and increasing complexity of the permitting process. The shift to 3D software and virtual reality in sales and design. These are all areas that require new approaches.
“When I started in ‘88, yes, there were some elaborate pools, but not like today. There are so many features and options, and things people can add to swimming pools. It’s a much different product and a much different consumer,” Harbeck says. “So, it’s a relatively young industry when you stop and think about it.”
The technological acceleration comes as the swimming pool business is booming. It’s a flashback to the recession for Harbeck. Business peaked pre-recession when he was building 1,000 pools a year in the Sacramento area. By 2008, he was building 260 pools a year. It nearly put him out of business.
“It was the Great American Pool Depression. We had a 75% decrease in business. What it did teach me then, as always, it comes down to your customer service and your reputation,” Harbeck says. “The experience of building a pool has always been my passion. So, as we came out of that recession, I redoubled the focus on that.”
Harbeck hit the streets. He went door-to-door putting up fliers to drum up business. It worked. Premier Pools & Spas survived and thrived. For the first 10 years out of the recession, the business grew at 20% per year.
Training the next generation of pros
Last year Premier Pools & Spas saw a whopping 37% growth rate. Harbeck doesn’t bank on that being sustainable. Instead of stepping back from the day-to-day he has dived in deeper, especially where it comes to training up his next generation of leaders, like Irby, who in turn champion his emphasis on customer service.
“Keith is a great teacher. He treats people well. He is kind. He is humble. And when you’re that way as a leader, and then you instill that in other people throughout the organization, it just has a trickledown effect to even how we treat our customers,” says Irby.
Now Irby’s brother has joined him in the pool business. He says he will keep spreading the message that the pool industry is the place to be, that this is “a very good career (that) will take care of your family.”
Consider the newest Irby in the business just one more person who will be starting a PHTA certification program soon. Irby says he knows how it makes people feel to be empowered in their careers.
“Everybody was extremely excited about what they were learning,” he says of his team’s GENESIS® journey. “There was a lot of positivity on the job site the next day after being online. It’s a lot of work, but very fulfilling.”
Photo Credit: Jovan Valdez
Raising the Bar Through Continuing Education
Continuing Education – Pool construction and design are often seen as “learn as you go” types of jobs, but a more formal education can help.
The pool and hot tub industry is constantly evolving, from technological advancements in equipment to new design trends. Although pool construction and design are often seen as “learn as you go” types of jobs, a more formal education can help you and your business in many ways.
“Education at any company really starts with the owner,” says Ed Gibbs, President and CEO of Gib-San Pools Ltd. in Toronto, ON. “But if the point of view is only directly from one individual, the problem is you have a very narrow vision of where your company will go.”
“We’ve got some really smart people that work for us, but if they’ve never been exposed to any kind of formal training or education in this industry, it doesn’t matter how smart they are—they’re going to learn by making mistakes,” explains Gordie Robinson, President of Cox Pools Service Inc. in Birmingham, AL.
“I know very little about building swimming pools,” admits Lance Irby, Sales Manager at Premier Pools & Spas in Sacramento, CA. “I can build great, beautiful pools with my team and design them. But the nuts and the bolts and the whys and the hows, all of the science and math—those are things that all of us have a tremendous amount to learn, even people who have been doing this for a long, long time.”
Enter GENESIS®, which has been teaching pool industry professionals in design, construction, engineering, and business since 1998. Thousands of students have taken GENESIS® courses, and many have advanced through the different accreditation levels: GENESIS® Associate, Society of Watershape Designers (SWD) Registered, and SWD Master.
Robinson first met GENESIS® co-founder Brian Van Bower about 15 years ago, when Van Bower was consulting on one of Robinson’s projects. After meeting Van Bower, Robinson thought to himself, “Whatever it takes, I’m going to learn what that guy knows.” Robinson started taking GENESIS® courses about eight years ago and is now SWD Registered. He has been sending his employees to GENESIS® for the last few years “in an effort to get everybody that works for us as educated as they can possibly be in this industry, and this is the best way I’ve found so far.”
The employees benefit just as much, if not more, than the employers. “It’s really created a positive culture,” Robinson says. “It’s been really good for morale. The employees really like the fact that our company is willing to invest that kind of money in them to train them.”
Irby agrees. Even though his employees have only been attending GENESIS® since the beginning of 2021, he has already seen a positive impact. “It gives everybody a level of enthusiasm and excitement,” he says. He describes how, especially in a year as busy as this one, employees’ mental and physical tanks are often depleted at the end of the day. GENESIS® actually refills their tanks and “puts a little pep in your step, because you’re excited about what you’re learning and you’re looking at things differently. It’s been good for us.”
Irby has been in the pool industry since 2012. As he started to hear more about GENESIS®, he realized that the SWD Masters and the projects that they do “are on a different level.” This created a desire to get himself and his employees up to that level.
“The value that’s added with [GENESIS®] is tremendous to both the company and the employee,” says Gibbs. “It goes back to the culture of your organization and what kind of culture you are creating, whereby the importance and investment in education is to help both of us grow—not just you to leave, not just me to use you, but to develop a symbiotic relationship. It has to be a journey together.”
GENESIS® is a serious investment, in several ways. Sending one student to one virtual course can be more than $2,000, and in-person classes before the pandemic were even more expensive when adding in airfare, lodging, and food. It is also an investment of time, with both virtual and in-person courses lasting 16 to 24 hours over several days.
If accreditation is the goal, that is even more of an investment. It could take over a year for an employee to earn the SWD Registered designation, which involves 150 hours of education and completing seven core courses that cover design, construction, and engineering. But employers are in agreement that it is well worth the time and money.
“The target is the SWD,” Gibbs says. He has three SWD Registered on his team, and two more will complete the requirements within the next few months. “Being SWD Registered adds that level of credibility and kicks up that level of education.”
“We’ve focused on construction and taking that construction track to get everybody that SWD Registered designation,” agrees Robinson. Although Cox Pools is a construction company, the required design courses help his employees gain a better understanding of what they do every day, he says.
For newer sales team members, “I’m putting them through basic construction classes as well as basic design classes, because those things go hand-in-hand,” explains Irby. “You can’t sell something if you don’t have an understanding of how it should be built.”
Gibbs and Robinson, who have been sending their employees to GENESIS® since before the pandemic, both agree that their employees really value the in-person networking and connections that they are able to make with other students. Gibbs explains, “That camaraderie that is created over that two or three days that the classes take place is part of that GENESIS® secret recipe.” Robinson says that students learn a lot from the class itself, “but when you take it with a lot of people who are in the same boat, you learn a lot too from those people.”
“In our world that we live in today, when you see groups of people wanting to raise the bar, there’s an attractiveness about that. There’s a magnetic attraction to wanting to be better. That’s where we want to be,” Gibbs says. “Clients smell that. Your other employees smell that. And that’s really success.”
How do these three employers sum up the benefits and importance of GENESIS®?
GENESIS® has given Robinson’s employees “confidence to move a little further in their ability to function and contribute to our company. It gave them some sort of energy that there are goals out there where they can learn more, and do more, and be more.”
“These classes will take you wherever you want to go in the swimming pool industry,” says Irby. “If you want to be in this industry long-term, this is your foundation.”
“It makes a better you. It makes a better company. It makes you build a better pool,” states Gibbs. “GENESIS® has proven year after year after year to truly be that gold standard.”
RIVERBEND SANDLER ANNOUNCES ACQUISITION OF CRYSTAL CLEAR CUSTOM POOLS
7 Elegant Modern Pool Designs
Why Good Contractors Cost More Than Their Competitors
Best Automatic Pool Cleaners & Robotic Pool Cleaners
Deepest Pool In The World – Deep Dive Dubai
Best Above Ground Pool Pumps of 2022
Recent Pool News
- Tesla Pool – Automaker Adds Swimming Pool To Charger StationOne of the primary reasons consumers opt to purchase a […]
- Pool Repairs With a PurposeThere are plenty of pool companies in Las Vegas. In a […]
- Pool Rental App Swimply Is The New Side Hustle For HomeownersPool rental marketplace Swimply has created the […]
- Sinkhole in Swimming Pool Kills Man, Swallows GuestsA man was found dead after being swallowed by a […]
- Should You Let Your Dog In The Pool? Experts Say “No”People love their dogs and man’s best friend […]
- Las Vegas Sets Max Limit of 600 Sq. Feet on Residential PoolsThe pool industry has been fighting the good fight in […]
- Recession Could Mean Less Discretionary Dollars For Pool IndustryPool industry analysts are concerned that a recession […]
- Are You Liable If Someone Drowns In Your Pool?While never a pleasant scenario to imagine, if you own […]
- Chlorine Prices Continue To Go Up This SummerWith no relief in sight, chlorine prices continue to […]
- 3D Printed Pools Ready To Hit The MarketSan Juan Pools is ready to usher in the era of […]
Pool News4 weeks ago
Las Vegas Sets Max Limit of 600 Sq. Feet on Residential Pools
Pool News3 weeks ago
Sinkhole in Swimming Pool Kills Man, Swallows Guests
Pool News4 weeks ago
Recession Could Mean Less Discretionary Dollars For Pool Industry
Pool News2 weeks ago
Tesla Pool – Automaker Adds Swimming Pool To Charger Station
Pool News3 weeks ago
Should You Let Your Dog In The Pool? Experts Say “No”
Pool News3 weeks ago
Pool Rental App Swimply Is The New Side Hustle For Homeowners
Press Releases2 weeks ago
Deckorators® Invests in Contractor Program with JobTread Partnership
Op Editorials2 weeks ago
A Borates Shortage is Looming on The Horizon