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Pool shock: How to Avoid Shock Incidents in Pools

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Pool shock: How to Avoid Shock Incidents in Pools

Electrical professionals in pools and spas recommend that you take extra measures to prevent pool shock incidents. Instead, insistence should be on adherence to the existing statutes. The source of the problem is not only from the lights but from incorrectly wired machinery It is also from wrongly connected junction, and the lack of joining complementary metallic compounds in the pool.

Pool shock: How to Avoid Shock Incidents in Pools

On April 18, 2014, 7 yr old Calder Sloan, a skillful swimmer & a child full of life, died of electrocution from a stray current while swimming in his backyard pool in Miami. This incident attracted international attention as well as social media outrage. It is a landmark case on the issue of pool shock.

His demise left his parents determined to sensitize on electrically secure pools & spas to avoid similar incidences. From this campaign, Miami/ Dade County and Broward outlawed fitting of lights that weren’t characterized as low voltage under the National Electric Code. Many misinterpreted him and believed that he blames high voltage lighting on his son’s death. The issue has led to major debates within the state, about high voltage lighting. To clear things out, Sloan’s pool actually had low voltage lighting. The lawsuit filed faults the grounding, lighting, and bonding techniques with the failure of fail-safes & protection after an electric short in the home.

Since the introduction of pumps and lights, pool shock has been among the major cause of fatalities in the pools & spa industry. It is a belief to many that most of these cases go unreported; hence there is less focus on the issue.

Experts argue against the ban of high voltage lights. They claim the problem goes beyond high voltage lighting. They also advise that safety measures should cover the entire home as the current can move to pools from surrounding environs.

The question on voltage

Lights and pumps can be perpetrators of electrocution, given that it’s fixed in the pool and spas water. NEC has laid out safety measures to avoid diffusing currents of 120 volts power from the generator, to the low voltage lights in the water. High voltage can be fatal, while low voltage can cause damage but doesn’t cause death. For high voltage to cause fatality, it depends on the distance from the source & the body mass.

A high voltage light can also be safe if fitted well and tested on a regular. Low voltage does not guarantee safety if measures such as proper installation with the primary generator, grounding, bonding, and wiring if they sit in a metal niche. Failure of such measures allows the emission of excess current to the low voltage lights. It can also be a path for stray current from the main source looking to complete the circuit.

The debate of the favorable incandescent will soon be null with the introduction of LED lights, which are more efficient. In addition, they have extra features, such as programmed color changes. New, improved products in the market have protectors from stray current, such as plastic niches. Furthermore, the modern low voltage versions don’t need grounding hence eliminates route for current travel in water.

Beyond the lights

Current transmission could be possible in many other areas, aside from lighting. Most reported cases come from other faulty areas, not lighting. Bonding and grounding are major causes of electric faults. Moreover, they offer protection against electrocution. Many experts are unaware of the difference between the two. It is often mistaken to be similar, and some pool professionals install one and forego the other.

Grounding

Involves electrically attaching equipment to the ground to prevent any potential faults. In the case of a short, the circuit breakers trip and shuts down the equipment.

In grounding, fit a wire of appropriate size from the pool component, using the same cable with the wire carrying current to the ground bus bar in the circuit breaker.

 Bonding

Bonding is to link with materials such as motor, ladder, pump, and water to devise a bonding layer to reduce voltage. If one element gets electrified, the difference in potential creates an imbalance. Therefore, the voltage seeks a route to the less charged component. The bonding layer minimizes the difference in voltage.

To bond, use number 8 wire from one component to another, and a manufacturer made bonding lug. Connect the pool steel on 4 areas and to the borderline bonding ring or strengthens the steel in the deck and to affix metallic materials 5 feet below the pool.

Appropriate elements used should adjust to various settings and equipment make. It is necessary to involve professionals at all times, even when working on Improvements and reinstatements for personal safety.

Mistakes in the field

Errors can be by inexperienced professionals, pool users, and handymen. Experts in the field need to be knowledgeable about the equipment used.

  • Lights installation should be within the regulations by NEC as well as the materials used.
  • NEC forbids improper interweaving of cords. The cord ought to be continuous, and in case of any replacement, a new cord ought to replace the first one.
  • The choice of elements used like transformers should not be corrosive as they are liable to fail.
  • Low voltage requires the correct generator approved the UL standards.

Important steps to note

Small misses can result in to escape of current.

  • During pump repairs, professionals should join the existing grounding/bonding wires to the original equipment.
  • Connection of all bonding lugs to the existing wires is key.
  • Attach the liquid-light cables & connectors to protect wires from rubbing against edges.

Major mistakes

High & low voltage should not cross paths or pass in the same cable. Each transformer should be on its own side of the voltage to avoid pool shock.

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Pool News coverage brought to you by Pool Magazine's own Marcus Packer. Marcus Packer is a 20 year pool industry veteran pool builder and pool service technician. In addition to being a swimming pool professional, Marcus has been a writer and long time contributor for Newsweek Magazine's home improvement section and more recently for Florida Travel + Life. Have a story idea or tip you'd like to share with Pool Magazine? Email [email protected] your story idea.

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Contractors and Builders

PHTA Debuts Pool Professionals Pipeline

Group plans to launch a robust jobseeker education program to fill pipeline with new talent.

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PHTA Debuts Pool Professionals Pipeline

(Alexandria, VA) – The Pool & Hot Tub Alliance (PHTA) today announced it is jumping into the waters of workforce development with its Pool Professionals Pipeline, a new program designed to help its members find workers, drive awareness amongst today’s jobseekers, and foster long-term career progression in the pool, hot tub, and aquatics industry.

“It’s no secret that many industries and businesses today are struggling to find and retain employees, and this is particularly true in trades such as ours,” says PHTA President and CEO Sabeena Hickman, CAE. “Our members are looking to PHTA to help fill that gap and we’re ready for the challenge. We are incredibly excited to share this new program with our membership and give them the tools they’ll need to compete in today’s labor market while working to attract a skilled, diversified, and thriving workforce.”

Underneath the PHTA’s Pool Professionals Pipeline workforce development umbrella is its external industry awareness campaign and jobseeker website, Work in Aquatics and workinaquatics.com, launching in 2023. Work in Aquatics will seek to advocate for trade professions by highlighting the numerous advantages, training and apprenticeship opportunities, job openings, and potential career progression tracks that are available working in the pool and hot tub industry. From construction labor to lifeguards, sales representatives, entrepreneurs, and even engineers and designers, there are many industry sectors and paths along the way that PHTA wants jobseekers to explore.

“This program is a game-changer for our industry as it works to drive qualified talent to our respective businesses and our industry as a whole,” says PHTA Chairman Charlie Claffey, owner of Claffey Pools. “To be successful, we’re going to need everyone on board as we work to put the industry on the radar of those searching for an alternative path to college; a rewarding career in a healthy lifestyle environment; the ability to work away from a desk; creative freedom through modern design; and lifesaving skills through swim instruction. The possibilities that exist in the aquatics industry are endless and once you begin in this line of work, you’ll never want to walk away. Let’s share that passion with the next generation of workers.”

A steering committee comprised of PHTA members, industry partners, and PHTA staff will serve in an advisory role to help guide programming, funding, and more:

  • Charlie Claffey, Claffey Pools
  • Joseph Laurino, Ph.D., Periodic Products, Inc.
  • Andrew Levinson, PoolCorp 
  • Elizabeth McMurray, Florida Swimming Pool Association 
  • Albert Miller, Hayward 
  • Dominick Mondi, Northeast Spa & Pool Association  
  • Kevin Post, Counsilman-Hunsaker  
  • Teri Wiltshire, Master Pools Guild  
  • Lisa Zarda, CAE, US Swim School Association 

Members, partners, and others interested in becoming involved in the PHTA Pool Professionals Pipeline can contact Seth Ewing, PHTA Senior Director of Member Programs & Services, at [email protected]  

Media Contact:
Amy Willer
Associate Director, Marketing and Communications
703-838-0083, ext. 121 | [email protected]

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Basecrete Launches OnDeck Wearable Waterproofing System

OnDeck waterproofing system promises to be a real game changer for pool contractors.

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Basecrete Launches OnDeck Wearable Waterproofing System

When it comes to the waterproofing of residential and commercial pool vessels, Basecrete Technologies has long been a leader in waterproof bondcoatings for the pool and spa industry. Recently, Pool Magazine had the opportunity to catch up with Vito Mariano and Christopher Gates to discuss the newest innovation to hit the pool trade, OnDeck, a new system they claim will revolutionize waterproofing.

The OnDeck Difference

“The actual application process is super simple. It can go horizontal and vertical and can be textured as the installer sees fit. Heavy and light textures can be rolled on, shot on, or troweled on but it’s based on the same science as Basecrete,” said Gates, who will be managing the OnDeck product.

One of the primary reasons the new system is predicted to be a surefire hit with pool contractors is due to its versatility, which Gates says will be a game-changer. “You can take a new project and marry it to an old project. Our material allows you to build up an old existing deck that’s chipped and broken. You can clean it out and build up to two-inch lifts using the material to build that up so that it’s seamlessly the same elevation as the new concrete. Then you coat the whole thing with OnDeck and it all is just beautiful and elegant. That all happens out of one bag and bucket of polymer.,” explained Gates.

OnBase – OnDeck – OnTop is the 1,2,3 Waterproofing System Pool Contractors have been searching for.

Versatility and Customization

OnDeck is sure to appeal to contractors who have experienced frustration with other products in the past said Gates. As an industry veteran, he knows those frustrations first-hand, “you have to buy a bag of this for horizontal, and a bag of that for vertical, and a bag of that for waterproofing. Ours is just real simple,” explained Gates.

Color options and customization are a big factor when it comes to decking materials. OnDeck promises to alleviate many of those concerns as well. “The last coating is a pigmented stain and sealer which comes in seven different colors. We operate in a light base and a dark base so you can tint a custom color,” said Gates, “if you have a big project, say you were doing a stadium, for example, and you wanted to have the colors of the team, you can get your own color mixed with a lighter or darker base.”

A Cost Effective Waterproofing System

The OnDeck system is all the brain-child of Vito Mariano who has a history of producing award-winning products of this nature. His strategy for propelling the system into the market is to win contractors with a better product they can have at a smarter price point than what they’ve already been accustomed to using.

“Price per square foot is number one,” said Mariano, “OnDeck is not expensive and it’s a fast waterproofing decking system at the same time. Now you get all these new benefits that the industry isn’t used to; instead of just your typical low-end cementitious spray, roll on, epoxy or latex-based material. We’re staying focused on simplicity, our waterproofing capability, and price. That’s very important out there.”

OnDeck - Basecrete Decking System
OnDeck – Basecrete Decking System

Bringing OnDeck To The Industry

Mariano is confident in having an industry professional like Gates to help drive the product in the market. “I’ve been producing OnDeck for a long time. The formula goes back many years,” said Mariano, “and I’ve used it again and again for my own applications. I never really had the time to pursue it because I was busy with other products. We think Christopher will be ideal for us. He’s got an edge because he knows the industry and he gets it. “

The success of Basecrete has industry insiders eager to demo the OnDeck system. “I had a phone call from a gentleman I did a contract with a while back who wanted to thank me. He told me ‘Where has this product been? I’ve used everything out there in the last 35 years. I’ve never seen anything this good before.’ He now has 60 driveways totally converted to the OnDeck system and will be doing our training,” said Mariano.

Mariano expects many brand ambassadors to come forth and champion the product in the coming months. “We’ve got folks like Jose Garcia from Barefoot Pools in Arizona, chomping at the bit to get this product. He does phenomenal Basecrete applications on hundreds of pools. Those are the kind of companies and applicators that we’re going to go for,” said Mariano.

Gates, who has a long history in the pool industry, previously with California Pools and San Juan Pools; says the timing is ripe for a product of this nature.

OnDeck decking system by Basecrete Technologies
OnDeck decking system by Basecrete Technologies – Photo Credit: Basecrete

“On pool and deck projects many years ago we started doing polymer overlays and acrylic top coats. Every one of them kind of marched to the beat of their own drummer, and you had to figure each system out. You’d try to stick with one that you could use if you knew the idiosyncrasies of a given system,” explained Gates, “when Vito started telling me that it’s the same bag to make the material that goes on the flat deck, that goes up the walls, that waterproofs the corners; it’s just different mixing styles – that’s got me excited. That coupled with this fellow he’s talking about who will doing all the training for our team members that are coming on board makes it a no-brainer,” explained Gates.

Listen to our entire conversation and learn more about the OnDeck system on the Pool Magazine podcast.

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Contractors and Builders

Pentair Pool Builder Software May Just Be a Game Changer

We take a look under the hood at Pentair Pool Builder and discuss the software with developer Tommy Reynolds.

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Pentair Pool Builder Software May Just Be a Game Changer

These days pool builders are searching for best-in-class software that can help them save time, improve efficiency, and communicate better with customers. Pentair Pool Builder is a software that aims to do exactly that. While there are plenty of solutions out there geared toward design, few applications exist for managing a pool construction business. Pool builders in general prefer a system that offers flexibility, ease of use, and reliability. Consequently, Tommy Reynolds, the developer behind the software, said his app is the game changer that the pool industry has been waiting for. We had the chance to discuss the software with Reynolds on the Pool Magazine Podcast and got the opportunity to learn more about the features and benefits.

One on One With Pentair Pool Builder Developer, Tommy Reynolds

For Reynolds, the path toward developing the app started with building a pool. A seasoned software developer and entrepreneur, he was having a swimming pool of his own built and discovered that communication throughout the process was lacking.”I was going through building a pool and had some experiences. I felt like as a consumer, I should be a little bit more connected. That was kind of the premise of me getting involved in starting this project,” said Reynolds.

Frustrations With The Pool Building Process

For Reynolds, he felt that he knew what to expect before construction began but once things got started is when he felt the need for better communication. “When we got to construction, there were a few communication gaps. A lot of times they use subcontractors, and their availability could be at the drop of a hat. They’re going to be at your place unannounced to work on the pool.” explained Reynolds, when describing the frustrations.

“My dog had been let out a couple of times,” said Reynolds, “and so I just thought, ‘I wish there was an app that I could put on my phone that would tell me when someone’s going to be at the house, I could put the dogs away.’ I just felt like, maybe there’s an app for this. I approached my builder and asked him, ‘Do you have an app for me to use?’ And he said he didn’t. My next question was, ‘Does anybody have an app?'”

“He’s been building pools for 25 years, and an industry expert, and so he said he didn’t know of anything for the customer,” explained Reynolds, “so that really started the creative juices flowing and made me think I should just take this on as a passion project for him and I to work on something. I figured, if it works out, he can share this with the next customer, and then they could benefit from what we built.”

Reynold’s builder recognized the potential of what they had developed in a short time frame and began showing it to his Pentair dealer who took interest in the app and invited Reynolds to demonstrate it for the senior leadership team at Pentair. “I was invited to go to the International Pool & Spa Expo to show them what we’d been working on,” explained Reynolds, “When I showed them what we were doing, they said, ‘This is pretty cool and we’d like to be a part of it.'”

Reynolds, who began working locally with pool builders in Texas said word began to get around fast. “Once we got out there, we really knew that we had something. There’s a real demand and need for this type of product. So we started working with builders locally and then it just grew to what it is today,” explained Reynolds.

Learn more about Pentair’s new software for pool builders – Pentair Pool Builder

Communication is the #1 Challenge for Pool Builders

“I think the biggest challenge that a lot of pool builders have is just with communication and managing the customer’s expectations along with inner office communications and their subcontractors,” said Reynolds, “what Pentair Pool Builder really does is it addresses the communications gap. We start with the sales lead management process. When a salesperson goes out to the job site, they can begin taking photos and uploading those right then and there. We relieve some of the stress and friction just by allowing them to do things on the spot. The mobile application allows that salesperson to manage that lead throughout the process.”

Problems That Pentair Pool Builder Solves

Pentair Pool Builder promises to solve a few different problems that contractors face on a daily basis. Their mobile-friendly app enables builders to simplify job costing with real-time pricing updates and easily create instant estimates and change orders that be signed electronically. With a robust built-in CRM, salespeople can efficiently manage their leads and sales with better visibility.

Pentair Pool Builder is feature packed and has numerous cost saving benefits.

Core Benefits:

  • DITCH PRICING SHEETS
  • LESS WINDSHIELD TIME
  • EASY COMMUNICATION
  • EASY CHANGE ORDERS
  • HELP MANAGE MORE SALES
  • EASY INTEGRATION

What Pool Builders Are Saying About Pentair Pool Builder

  • “It gives the designers the ability to see what’s going on in real time.” – Susan Rodriguez, Office Manager, Cypress Custom Pools 
  • “It’s a very efficient app, and it has helped streamline the building process. For everybody.” – Tommie Fleeman, Project Manager, Backyard Oasis

Simplifying Pool Construction Management

Custom tailoring the pool construction management experience to a variety of contractors was key in developing a tool that can be universally adopted, said Reynolds. “It’s a completely customizable process. So how they build their pool may be different than someone else. They’re able to customize that experience to their process,” he explained.

“The construction module of the software is basically the orchestration of producing a swimming pool,” said Reynolds, “from the time they excavate it to the time they put water in it. All the processes that happen and all the people that it takes to make it happen are managed through the software which provides the ability for scheduling of resources. There are also notifications to let people know when it’s their time to do the job, as well as let other people know what’s happening on the job site.”

The integration of camera monitoring into the software system also promises to lower the amount of windshield time between visiting job sites, explained Reynolds. “Generally the project superintendents are having to drive job to job to check things out. Once we introduced the job site monitoring capability that we now have, it allowed them to do that remotely. Now, they can actually cover more jobs in a single day than they would by driving around to check on those jobs.”

Listen to Our Entire Discussion

Learn more about Pentair Pool Builder take a deeper dive by listening to our conversation with Tommy Reynolds on the Pool Magazine podcast. For those interested in learning more about the software or taking a demo, visit Pentair’s website.

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