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How to Deal With Pool Algae



Pool Heaters: Give Your Customers Some Pool Heat

Some of the factors leading to algae breeding grounds in swimming pools include hot climate and percentage of the pool users. If you are not careful, pool algae could infest your pool in the blink of an eye leading to a clouded green muddle. Luckily, you can resolve this problem and restore your pool’s initial state and appearance. But it would be best if you comprehended how to deal with algae breeding grounds in your pool. Additionally, you have to understand the causes, thus prevent these organisms from swarming over in your pool.

How to Deal With Pool Algae

Types of algae

How do I spot algae? The most common sign of algae breeding ground in your pool is discolored water in your pool. Pool algae exist in different forms, so your water could be yellow, green, or blue-black. However, the most common type is green algae and usually is easy to eliminate. It floats on the pool water and can also stick on your walls as a slimy greenish substance. Yellow algae, on the other hand, appear like sand or pollen in dark corners of your pool. Yellow algae are not common like green algae and are the hardest to treat. Lastly, black algae is a stubborn type and always grows back if the treatment method isn’t strong enough. Additionally, you can identify pool algae if any of the mentioned colors occur in your pool walls or steps, among other water features. Also, beware of cracked pool surfaces since they hide algae.

Cleaning up the Impurities

Today, the most common disinfectants employed by pool owners are bromine and chlorine. These agents act as chemicals that control dangerous microorganisms growing in pools. Additionally, they function as oxidizers and destroy harmful pollutants such as pollen and dirt. In commercial pools, where pools are regularly used, many chlorine and bromine agents strive to eradicate living organisms. At the same time, the rest of the disinfectants are responsible for eliminating other microbes. Note that this is not a proper technique of killing germs. Sanitizers employed have to perform their job of killing bacteria. So, it is advisable to add an oxidizer and let it act as shock therapy.

Shocking is the process of purifying the pool by adding potentially unstable chlorine. On the flip side, breakpoint chlorination happens when there are excessive amounts of chlorine in the pool water that can lead to irritation and bad smells. Thus, it is essential to add a precise amount of chlorine. To determine proper chlorine levels, determine the amount of mixed chlorine, and multiply the amount by ten. Once you identify this, that will be the unstabilized chlorine needed to eliminate combined chlorine. Chlorine remainders will now act as free chlorine – the agent you wish to use for your pool water.

Eliminating an algae bloom

In eradicating algae breeding grounds, the best technique is to allow the chlorine to reach its breakpoint level of 30ppm. If you add chlorine levels of 30ppm, this could lead to an outburst of algae due to large amounts of combined chlorine. Undeniably, 30ppm is a lot, but this is the lowest quantity you will need to destroy the algae nucleus. It will help hinder its constant reproduction and eventually destroying all the pool algae. As a pool owner, note that different brands of chlorine vary in robustness. Therefore, 30ppm is, at times, not the standard amount. You may have to increase or decrease the chlorine levels depending on the type of chlorine sanitizer you choose to use.

But, always use unstabilized chlorine for super chlorination. Stable chlorine can rapidly lead to a drastic increase in cyanuric acid levels.

Preventive measures for pool algae

Some of the measures you need to observe to prevent pool algae include:

  • Ensure that you have a balanced pool continuously. Switch on your pool pump for at least eight hours a day and perform the shocking process regularly.
  • Make sure all pool equipment, including floats, is clean before letting them into the pool.
  • If you are a residential pool owner, ensure your swimming costumes are regularly cleaned before using them in your pool.

Suppose your pool needs revamping, hire a pool contractor to fix it immediately. Cracked surfaces serve as conducive environments for algae. Furthermore, it is hard to spot algae in cracked pool surfaces. Resurfacing will help eliminate algae breeding grounds in the cracks.

From this article, you now have the basics of a technique for eliminating pool algae. Thus, you need not stress yourself when you see green algae clouds in your pool; you now know what to do!

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Pool News coverage brought to you by Pool Magazine's own Marcus Packer. Marcus Packer is a 20 year pool industry veteran pool builder and pool service technician. In addition to being a swimming pool professional, Marcus has been a writer and long time contributor for Newsweek Magazine's home improvement section and more recently for Florida Travel + Life. Have a story idea or tip you'd like to share with Pool Magazine? Email [email protected] your story idea.

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Cleaning and Service Equipment and Supplies

BioLab Plant Reopening Will Impact Chlorine Prices for 2023



BioLab Plant in Westlake, LA - Reopening Will Impact Chlorine Prices for 2023

The news of BioLab’s plant burning to the ground during Hurricane Laura in 2020 had a ripple effect on chlorine prices that has lasted for the past two years. We first reported that BioLab was rebuilding the plant back in July of 2021. A recent announcement that construction is completed and in time for summer production has pool industry analysts optimistic. “We are delighted to reopen our BioLab facility in time to support the 2023 pool season,” said Michael Sload, CEO of KIK Consumer Products.

BioLab is the nation’s second-largest manufacturer of dry chlorine products. An announcement that the Westlake, Louisiana facility is fully operational means that one of the driving factors for the initial spike we saw on the price of chlorine has been removed. Prices for dry chlorine products soared in 2021 due to concerns about shortages and remained high through the summer of 2022.

Understanding The Correlation Between BioLab & Price Increases

The conditions for a sudden surge in the price for chlorine stemmed partly from the fact that BioLab was out of commission. The main factor that was driving prices to explode during the past two years was largely due to the pandemic in general.

A large percentage of the population was quarantined, which meant more people than ever before, were at home and using their swimming pool. This put a much higher glut on demand than anticipated. With the pandemic shutting many plants down, and logistical delays plaguing distributors throughout most of 2021, these conditions as well as rising inflation in 2022 kept prices high through the summer.

The reopening of the BioLab facility will certainly impact the supply chain in a positive way. “BioLab will be actively supplying the pool market for the 2023 season which should provide some relief,” said plant manager Donald Brunette.

BioLab ribbon cutting ceremony celebrating the reopening of the Westlake, LA facility.

Prices are predicted to begin dropping a bit in light of that fact but will certainly not sink lower than they were prior to the pandemic. As the population starts to adjust to a post-Covid world, the surge we saw for swimming pools has already begun to recalibrate to pre-pandemic levels. The only remaining catalyst for keeping chlorine prices from truly resetting back to 2020 is the cumulative rate of inflation is roughly 14.7% higher than in 2020.

While this should certainly factor into the equation, most experts agree that with this news, the chlorine shortage is finally over and a bucket of chlorine tablets should cost substantially less next summer than it has in previous years. This comes as welcome news for both consumers and pool professionals.

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Cleaning and Service Equipment and Supplies

Ultimate Water Taps Jeff Jones for Sales of Chlorine Genie



Jeff Jones

Ultimate Water, whose flagship product is the Chlorine Genie, is pleased to announce the addition of industry veteran Jeff Jones as the new Regional Sales Manager and Buying Group Liaison for the company’s residential and commercial divisions.  Based out of Texas, Jones has been in the swimming pool industry for over 40 years spanning a broad range of roles including the VP of Sales for DEL Ozone, National Sales Manager for Letro Products, as well as work in construction management and sales for Blue Haven and Riverbend Pools.  Most recently Jones managed buying group sales for Florida Water Products. 

“We are very pleased to have Jeff join our team,” says Thomas Vessiere, National Sales Director for Ultimate Water.  “Jeff brings deep experience, industry knowledge, and strong relationships that will be especially helpful as the demand for the Chlorine Genie grows exponentially in our industry.” 

Having sold and designed pool water sanitation systems for many years, Jones is very enthusiastic about being a part of the growing success of the Chlorine Genie.  “The design and functionality of the Chlorine Genie makes it an ideal product for our industry and is especially welcome right now as builders, retailers and service professionals grapple with the most efficient way to continuously produce chlorine safely, cost effectively and immediately for their customers,” explains Jones. 

Jones will be at the AQUALive Show booth # 416 and can be reached directly at [email protected] or by calling 214-415-2510.

More information about the Chlorine Genie can be found at:

San Diego, CA

(800) 970-7616

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Cleaning and Service Equipment and Supplies

A Borates Shortage is Looming on The Horizon



A Borates Shortage is Looming on The Horizon

One of the specialty chemicals being talked about a lot in light of the chlorine shortages and rising prices are borates. As strong proponents of borates, it troubles us to say that our go-to sanitzer supplement may soon be facing the same shortages and rising costs that we’ve been seeing on the trichlor side.

What The Boron Shortage Means For The Pool Industry

If you’re in the pool business you already know, borates are becoming increasingly difficult to find. What inventory is available is vastly more expensive than in previous years. We’re already knee-deep into the dog days of summer and prices for chlorine have skyrocketed well past analysts’ projections.

A lot of pool service professionals have been turning to borates as the savior during this time of inflation and rising prices. Many technicians already use borates as a buffer against upwards shifting pH. When your pH level rises above what is deemed “normal” (about 7.8), using borates achieves optimum results.

Pool service professionals have been turning to borates in a time of rising prices for sanitizers like trichlor.

Why Pool Professionals Are Turning To Borates

Bacteria can thrive in water with a high pH level. When this happens it makes chlorine less effective. Pool professionals use borates to alleviate the issue, because it works to keep pH from drifting upward. In addition, there are other positive aspects to using borates in your pool. For one, it keeps the pool clear of algae and calcium scaling. Pool equipment repair specialists will be the first ones to recommend borates. When it comes to maintaining ideal water chemistry for your pool equipment, borates does an amazing job.

For the past few years, the adoption of borates by pool pros has steadily increased season after season. The concern now is that we may have hit maximum capacity as demand has increased well beyond available inventory.

Dwindling Boron Supplies Driving Prices Higher

The global boron market shortage is driving prices higher this season. For those who’ve been thinking of switching to using borates, this definitely is something to consider. When it comes to getting trichlor at affordable rates, it already feels that pool pros are a lower priority as far as it goes to maintaining pricing structures. Now, it appears the same thing has begun happening with borates.

Although borates and boric acid are near synonymous with pools, the swimming pool industry itself is actually a lower priority in terms of its consumption of boron. The industrial glass industry is the largest consumer of boron, roughly 48%, followed by the ceramics industry (15%) and agricultural industry (15%); the cleaning industry of which the pool industry represents a fraction consumes roughly 2% of the world’s boron.

Boron is in high demand. There are a myriad of applications for it aside from pool cleaning.

You’ll find boron in everything from industrial fertilizers to high-end ceramics and solar panels. Boron also has medical applications which improve wound healing and boosts the body’s usage of estrogen, testosterone, and vitamin D. It improves magnesium absorption, reduces inflammation, increases antioxidants, and boosts brain electrical activity in both cognitive performance as well as short-term memory.

What is absolutely certain is that we (the pool industry) didn’t cause a borates shortage. Clearly, demand is higher in these other industries which are causing prices to surge. Right now the boron supply chain is very weak. Over 60% of the material comes from mines located in Turkey which is the top producer, followed by Russia, South America and the United States.

For the time being, production is gradually declining. As existing boron reserves deplete, we’re seeing demand far exceed supplies, resulting in higher prices such as $1,250 per ton, far exceeding analysts’ predictions for $739 per ton.

While the demand in the U.S. by pool professionals may be high, the top consumer of boron is China, followed by India and Japan. Boron is produced domestically only in the State of California and it appears very little of it is earmarked towards maintaining supply chains for borates.

Final Thoughts

The story isn’t all doom and gloom for pool professionals who want to switch to borates. Fortunately, folks like Natural Chemistry, Brenntag, and others are still intent on keeping inventory on the shelves so you should still be able to find their products through distribution. If they don’t have borates available, demand that they replenish their stock. This may be the only way to guarantee the pool industry remains a priority at all.

Listen to our entire discussion on the Talking Pools podcast.

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